Trigger Point Dry Needling (TDN), also known as Intramuscular Manual Therapy (IMT), is used to treat myofascial pain and facilitate an accelerated healing response by eliminating the neuromuscular dysfunction which leads to pain and functional deficit. TDN has been shown to produce pain relief in 87% of sites needled. Results of intramuscular manual therapy include a decrease in subjective complaints, increased range of motion, a reduction in the need for medication, and decreased stiffness.
How does TDN work?
TDN involves use of a solid, thin filament needle, inserted into the muscle, to locate and deactivate a “trigger point”. A trigger point (taut band of muscles) can be tender to the touch and refer pain to other parts of the body. TDN deactivates and desensitizes the trigger point, which stimulates a healing response and reduces the biomechanical stress of the muscle treated.
What Conditions Can Be Treated By TDN?
Dry needling for the treatment of myofascial (muscular) trigger points is based on theories similar, but not exclusive, to traditional acupuncture; however, dry needling targets the trigger points, which is the direct and palpable source of patient pain, rather than the traditional “meridians”, accessed via acupuncture.